Clos du Tue Boeuf

Thierry and Jean-Marie Puzelat – Clos du Tue-Boeuf, Les Montils

There is plenty of history around ‘Clos du Tue-Boeuf, you can trace winemaking here back to the middle ages. This place used to be a place of sacrifice, hence the name. Since the 15th century this 6 hectares ‘Clos’ has been in the hands of the Puzelat family.
Thierry and Jean-Marie took over fully from their father when he was old enough to let it go in 1994. Before the 70:s the family tradition was to farm vines, asparagus and cereals. The wines were sold into bulk. Thierry and Jean-Maries father changed this by starting to focus on the wine and to bottle at the domain.

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As soon as Thierry and Jean-Marie took over they started to make wines in a natural way. The vineyards were converted to organic farming in 1996. Today they make 13 different wines from 4 hectares in Cheverny and 4 hectares in Touraine.
Before Jean Marie started to work with his father in 1990, he’d spent some years of work in champagne. Jean Marie is the older and appears to be the calmer one of these two brothers, the one who prefers to stay at home, working at the domain.

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Thierry, is a bit of a famous guy for many things. But in particular that he, when he was working for Chateau Saint Anne in Bandol in 1993, was one of the founders of the L’Association des Vins Naturels – one of the first movements for the ‘natural revolution’. He has inspired a lot of people and helped them start working with a natural approach. Before he jumped on the family business he also worked in Saint-Émilion and Montreal for a while.
Besides this, 12 years ago Thierry created the domaine Puzelat-Bonhomme together with Pierre-O Bonhomme. But since 2014 he has left Pierre-O to take care of it himself, he felt he had a little bit too much to handle with 2 domaines. With that said, he’s right now also planting his first vineyards in Georgia, is partner in 2 wine bars in Orléans, teaches at winemaking school, travels around the world to show the wines and also manages to do a little bit of partying every now and then.
Even though he’s one of the guys that’s been driving the natural wine movement as a force from another world, he renounces the defects that can occur in natural wines. He rather adds a tiny bit of sulfur before bottling to avoid glitches that enable the wines to show their true terroir.

The wines in general:
The reds are elegant, aromatic, fruit driven and mineral with a very fine tannic structure.
The whites are pure, fruity, and elegant with a nice fresh acidity that carries a mineral finish.

2016 Le P’tit Blanc du Tue Boeuf

Soil: Clay, limestone and silex
Grape: Sauvignon Blanc
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: 4-20 years old.
Yields: 40 hl/h
Vinification: Direct press, then fermented and aged 5 months in tanks before bottling.


2016 Le Petit Buisson

Soil: Silex and limestone on chalk
Grape: Sauvignon Blanc
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: 35 years
Yields: 40 hl/h

Vinification: Direct press, then fermented and aged 6 months in old barriques before bottling.


 2015 Le Brin du Chevre

Soil: Limestone, silex and sand
Grape: Menu Pineau, 1,4 hectares vineyard
Appellation: AOC Touraine
Age of Vines: 65-80 years old.
Yields: 40 hl/h
Vinification: Direct press, then the must is decanted for one day. Fermented and aged 12 months in old barriques and 600 liter old barrels before bottling.


2016 Cheverny Blanc ’Frileuse’

Soil: Clay, limestone and silex.
Grape: 1/3 Fil Gris (Sauvignon Gris), 1/3 Chardonnay, 1/3 Sauvignon Blanc
from the 3,8 hectares Frileuse vineyard
Appellation: AOC Cheverny
Age of Vines: 4-47 years old.
Yields: 35 hl/h

Vinification: Direct press, then the must is decanted for one day. Fermented and aged 8 months in 500 liter old barrels before bottling.


2015 Romorantin

Soil: Clay, limestone and silex.
Grape: Romorantin from the 0,4 hectares in Frileuse vineyard
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: 1/3 planted in 1904, 2/3 planted 1976
Yields: 40 hl/h

Vinification: Direct press, then the must is decanted for one day. Fermented and aged 12 months in old barriques before bottling. Two barriques were made.


2015 Qvevri

Soil: Clay and flint.
Grape: Chenin Blanc
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: 45 years old.
Yields: 30 hl/h

Vinification: Direct press for 75% of the grapes, the rest is left with the skins.
Fermentation and ageing takes place in the 400 liter qvevri that is buried in the ground for natural temperature control.
After 8 months the pressing takes place and then the wine is bottled.


2016 ’Vin Rosé’

Soil: 50% clay, limestone and Silex on top of Blois Chalk.
Grape: 90% Gamay, 10% Grolleau
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: 10-20 years old.
Yields: 50 hl/h

Vinification: One day of maceration with the skins before pressing and ageing in old demi muid until bottled on the 20:th May 2017.


2015 Côteaux du Giennois

Soil: Kimmeridgian limestone, from Mathieu Costes vineyard in Côteaux du Giennois, just outside Sancerre.
Grape: 75% Gamay 25% Pinot Noir
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: planted in 1960-1970
Yields: 30 hl/ha

Vinification: 50% whole bunches and 50% detsemmed grapes ferments with the skins for 2,5 weeks in open vats. After pressing all the wine where put in old 500 liter barrels and Thierry drove it over to his place for 16 months of ageing.


2015/2016 ’Vin Rouge’

Soil: Clay, limestone and Silex on top of Blois Chalk.
Grape: Gamay
Appellation: Vin de France
Age of Vines: 10-20 years old.
Yields: 50 hl/h

Vinification: Whole bunch fermentation that starts with maceration carbonique for a week and goes on for another 7 days in an open vat.
Very careful pigeage for the last week, then pressed and aged for 6 months in old demi-muid.

Extras: As 2016 was a disaster when it comes to volumes especially in Loire and Northern Burgundy, you will see a lot of different ‘Vin de France’ where different growers bought some grapes from friends in regions where they didn’t suffer from a big loss of crop. So, in this case Thierry bought some Gamay, suited to mix with his own from his good friend Remi Dufaitre


2015 Cheverny Rouge ’Rouillon’

Soil: Clay, limestone and Silex on top of Blois Chalk.
Grape: 50% Pinot Noir, 50% Gamay
Appellation: AOC Cheverny
Age of Vines: 20 years old.
Yields: 50 hl/h

Vinification: Whole bunch fermentation that starts with maceration carbonique for a few days and goes on for another 7 days in an open vat.
Very careful pigeage during the last week, then pressed and aged for 5 months in old demi-muid.


2015 Cheverny Rouge ’La Callière’

Soil: Clay, limestone and silex.
Grape: Pinot Noir
Appellation: AOC Cheverny
Age of Vines: 35 years old.
Yields: 35 hl/h

Vinification: Whole bunch fermentation for 2 weeks in open vats, very careful pigeage by hand during the maceration.
Then pressed and aged for 10 months in old barriques and 400 liter barrels before blending and bottling.


2015/2016 Touraine Rouge ’La Butte’

Soil: Clay, limestone and silex.
Grape: Gamay
Appellation: AOC Touraine
Age of Vines: 70 years old
Yields: 40 hl/h

Vinification: Whole bunch fermentation for 2 weeks in open vats, very careful pigeage by hand during the maceration.
Pressed and aged for 8 months on 500 liter barrels before blending and bottling.


2015 Touraine Rouge ’La Guerrerie’

Soil: Clay, limestone and silex.
Grape: 2/3 Côt, 1/3 Gamay
Appellation: AOC Touraine
Age of Vines: 35 years old
Yields: 40 hl/h

Vinification: Whole bunch fermentation for 2 weeks in open vats, very careful pigeage by hand during the maceration.
Pressed and aged for 10 months in old barriques and demi-muid before blending and bottling.